Shiatsu massage is within the well known oriental massages; in particular, it belongs to the Japanese massage from which derives the name. The term Shiatsu in fact refers to a manipulative technique that involves pressure (atsu) performed by means of fingers (shi), on points defined. This is a massage performed without that nothing stand between the operator and the person receiving the treatment.
The aim of Shiatsu is to relieve mental and physical disorders, acting on particular points (meridians) to restore the balance of body and mind and bring back then. In this sense, rather than a massage so it would be appropriate to speak of a real therapy, performed on the basis of the needs of who you are.
Although it is part of the Japanese Shiatsu massage has its roots in the ancient Chinese Taoist doctrines, which provided research and the preservation of health and well being of the person. With the spread of Chinese medicine in Japan by Buddhist monks, the Shiatsu massage penetrates into Japanese culture and begins its evolution towards treatment that we know today.
In 1940 Tokujiro Namikoshi founded the first Japanese Shiatsu School, where in addition to manipulative techniques will also teach some complementary disciplines, such as meditation or breathing. In 1964, finally, the Shiatsu massage therapy is recognized as authorized by the Japanese Ministry of health.
Treatment as we know it, therefore, dates back to the early 20th century and has spread to Europe through the years ‘ 70. A practice so recently introduced which, however, found an undoubted success; and although it is not recognized by official medicine is increasingly in demand and then taught in specialized schools.
Meridians and vital energy in massage
The Shiatsu Massager Shiatsu works along the so called meridians, a network of channels through which flows the vital energy (ki, qi or chi). According to Chinese tradition, there are twelve pairs of meridians, connecting together the 5 elements (fire, metal, water, wood and Earth), each corresponding to a body:
1. Liver: its Meridian starts from the big toe and goes under the nipple;
2. Rene: starts from the sole of the foot and climbs up to the chest;
3. Spleen: also part from the big toe but arrives at the side of the chest;
4. The Lung: the chest begins and ends on the thumb;
5. The pericardium: begins at the nipple to terminate at the middle finger;
6. Heart: from under the armpit to the little finger of the hand comes;
7. Small intestine: part in turn by the little finger of the hand to the ear;
8. Large Intestine: from index finger arriving up to the nostril;
9. Duodenum: starts in the fourth finger of the hand and reaches the eyebrow;
10. Bladder: from the inner corner of the eye comes to the little finger of the foot;
11. The stomach: starting from the eye, down to the second toe;
12. Gall bladder also begin in the inner corner of the eye and ends on the fourth toe.
The meridians are bilateral and spread in the body as a kind of network or map, you must thoroughly understand in order to apply the correct pressure at points that require it.
The trouble accused who undergoes a massage can result from an excess or a deficiency of qi. In both cases it is a block on which the operator goes to work to restore the energy balance and restore then being. That’s why more than one should talk about treatment or Shiatsu massage therapy.
The Shiatsu massage is especially recommended for: anxiety and stress; Headache, stiff neck or neck pain; Muscle spasms; Joint aches and stiffness; Postural problems; Back pain and sciatica; Herniated disc; Insomnia; Lack of concentration; Constipation.
Features The Shiatsu massage is distinguished from other oriental massages for a number of very specific indications: no external aid not Shiatsu uses no instruments apart from the operator’s hands – and in some cases even elsewhere, d El body. It is therefore a body mediation technique that does not require neither stone nor oils or needles of any kind. If you are looking for one of these types of massage, you can refer to our pieces on the Shirodhara with oil leaked or Massage with stones.
The Shiatsu massage is indicated at all
The Shiatsu massage can be performed at any age and both sexes, provided of course by specialist personnel. In fact, treatment is suitable to reinforce weakened areas of the body of elders, which improve the performance of young bodies and strong. But Shiatsu also helps relieve neonatal disorders such as colic, nervous or cooling syndromes.
Shiatsu acts globally you could almost define a holistic treatment, because look at the body as a whole and aims to re-establish a State of general well-being. The resolution of a disorder, in fact, will have beneficial effects on the whole person, body, mind. At the same time, also an issue is often generated by a set of different blocks that should be treated everyone in order to find balance.
The Shiatsu massage is done lying down on the futon, a low mat, or on the mat, a special typical Japanese flooring consists of panels of woven rice straw. You can get clothes – with comfortable clothes and light – or covered by a thin tarpaulin, so do not act directly on the skin. The motions also involve both back pressure that the abdomen so the massage is practiced both in the supine position that prone position.
The treatment is typically preceded by a discussion with the operator to assess the suitability for treatment, and identify any physical or psychological problems of the subject. Before the actual therapy also proceeds with a series of stretches that help relax the body and the muscles and encourage circulation of energy.
Manipulation, as already mentioned, is done through the fingertips or palms; some schools, however, also accept the use of elbows, feet and knees. The movements are performed with precision and delicacy, no sudden changes in intensity or speed, adapting the physical and mental state pressure of who is receiving the massage. Not surprisingly, the Shiatsu massage is never the same for two subjects but is practiced individually according to your needs.
The pressure in Shiatsu massage must also follow three principles; must be perpendicular, consistent and focused. It is performed on the entire body, from head to toe, where it shares some key points with reflexology. To learn more read our article about it.
The duration varies from 30 minutes to an hour, during which the recipient can enter a State of relaxed doze.